The France and Britain together, especially if they had maintained close contact with Russia, which was certainly not the case, could have influenced many small European states at that time in the summer when they had prestige; and I think they could have determined Poland`s position. Such a combination, prepared at a time when the German dictator was not deeply and irrevocably engaged in his new adventure, would, in my opinion, have given strength to all the forces in Germany that opposed this departure, this new design. It`s over. Silent, sad, abandoned, broken, Czechoslovakia retreats into darkness. It has suffered in every respect from its links with Western democracies and with the League of Nations, of which it has always been an obedient servant. It has particularly suffered from its association with the France, under whose direction and policy it has been for so long. It is precisely the measures taken by His Majesty`s Government in the Anglo-French agreement to give it the best possible chances, namely the net cut of 50% in some districts instead of a referendum, that have turned to its disadvantage, because there should also be a referendum in large areas, and the other powers that have had demands have also met the helpless victim. Before leaving Munich, Chamberlain and Hitler signed a document declaring their common desire to resolve differences through consultations to ensure peace. Daladier and Chamberlain returned home to applaud greeters relieved that the threat of war was over, and Chamberlain told the British audience that he had achieved “peace with honor.” I think it is peace for our time. His words were immediately questioned by his greatest critic, Winston Churchill, who said: “You had a choice between war and shame. You have chosen shame and you will have war.
In fact, Chamberlain`s policies were discredited the following year when Hitler annexed the rest of Czechoslovakia in March, and then triggered World War II by invading Poland in September. The Munich Accords became the epitome of the futility of appeasement of totalitarian expansionist states, even though they gave the Allies time to increase their military readiness. In an attempt to bomb Britain to subdue it, the German Luftwaffe attacked the town of Ramsgate while Churchill was visiting in August 1940. He took refuge in an underground shelter and exchanged his characteristic civilian hat for a steel helmet. The mayor of the city forced him to throw away his cigar, which provoked the remorseful response: “There is still a good one.” That week in 1938, Winston Churchill delivered one of the most remarkable speeches of the twentieth century, his condemnation of the Munich Accords. In that agreement, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain agreed to allow Adolf Hitler`s Germany to annex the Sudetenland, a german-dominated province of Czechoslovakia. Hitler had already revealed his hatred of Jews and his imperial ambitions in Europe. But Chamberlain believed that concession to Hitler`s demands could help avert another catastrophic European war like the one that had devastated the continent two decades earlier. (FDR privately condemned Chamberlain`s weakness, but publicly assured Hitler that the United States had no intention of intervening.) On September 29, Chamberlain rushed to Munich to meet Hitler for the third – and last – time, and entered a 14-hour trial that ended in the middle of the night. According to the agreement, the German-speaking regions of the Sudetenland were to be incorporated into the Reich and an international commission was to oversee referendums elsewhere along the border. Chamberlain and Hitler also signed the Anglo-German Declaration, in which they “reaffirmed the desire of our two peoples never to go to war again.” The Prime Minister returned home as a national hero. There can never be absolute certainty that there will be a fight when a party is determined to give in completely.
Although the United States Roosevelt desperately tried to strengthen his forces throughout 1941, and decided to give the British models of the most advanced weapons of the United States. Military aid to Britain was greatly facilitated by the Lend-Lease Act of March 11, 1941, in which Congress authorized the sale, lease, transfer, or exchange of arms and supplies to “any country whose defense is deemed essential to the defense of the United States.” These are the characteristics that I want to discover here, which have marked a careless administration for which Britain and France have to pay dearly. In those five years, we have been reduced from such an overwhelming and unassailable position of security that we have never bothered to think about it. We were reduced from a position where the word “war” was seen as a word that could only be used by people qualified for insane asylum. We have been removed from a position of security and power – the power to do good, the power to be generous to a defeated enemy, the power to get along with Germany, the power to give it adequate reparation for its grievances, the power to stop arming it if we wanted to take power to take all the steps in force, in mercy or justice that we thought was just – reduced in five years from a safe and undisputed position at our stand. Right now. Chamberlain had escaped the trap set for him by his political rivals. True to its form, many of them interpreted the Munich Agreement as meaning what it meant for their own perspectives.
Some feared that Chamberlain would call an early general election in which he would rage to victory. A panicked Churchill considered building an alliance with labour, liberals and rebellious Conservatives, suggesting that a commitment to the League of Nations and “collective security” could form the basis of a joint campaign. When Macmillan protested, “This is not our jargon,” Churchill shouted back, “This is jargon we may all need to learn!” But Munich quickly became a symbol of the dangers of appeasing aggressive governments. The agreement dissolved and Hitler conquered the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, a decisive step on the road to World War II. Today, Munich occupies a place in the popular imagination as the moment when an opportunity was missed to mobilize resistance against Hitler, and an example of the folly of trusting the unscrupulous. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain delivered a speech on the radio before leaving Arras, France, after visiting the British Expeditionary Force on 15 December 1939. Britain and France declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939, two days after the German invasion of Poland. The guarantees given by Britain and the France to Poland mark the end of the policy of appeasement. We are invited to vote in favour of this motion for a resolution, which has been put on paper, and it is certainly a motion that is not very controversial, since the amendment was tabled by the opposition.
Personally, I cannot agree with the measures taken, and since the Chancellor of the Exchequer has set out his version of the case so richly, I will try, if I may, to look at the case from a different angle. I have always been of the view that peacekeeping depends on the accumulation of deterrents against the aggressor, combined with a sincere effort to remedy grievances. Mr. Hitler`s victory, like so many famous battles that determined the fate of the world, was won by the narrowest margin. On Wednesday, October 5, 1938, Winston Churchill delivers a speech entitled A Total and Unlimited Defeat in the House of Commons.   The speech was delivered on the third day of the Munich debate and lasted 45 minutes. Churchill, then a Conservative backbencher, criticized the Munich Accords, which had been signed six days earlier by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain under conditions largely favorable to German dictator Adolf Hitler. Churchill`s greatest disagreement with John Simon and Chamberlain concerned the value of a war with Germany to defend Czechoslovakia. Churchill believed that Czechoslovakia had been sacrificed to preserve peace with Germany, and that “they were left to fend for themselves and told that they would not get help from the Western powers, [the Czechs] could have created better conditions than they had.” Churchill also used his speech to highlight the hypocrisy of forcing Czechoslovakia to give up part of its sovereign territory without a referendum. He said, “No matter how you say it, this particular block of land, this mass of people to be delivered, never expressed a desire to enter the Nazi regime.” This violated the principle of self-determination, which stated that “liberal and democratic” nations should be protected from takeover by totalitarian governments, an idea Churchill strongly supported. .