This is sometimes referred to as the variation margin, where the futures exchange withdraws money from the losing party`s margin account and deposits it into the other party`s account to ensure that the correct loss or profit is reflected daily. If the margin account falls below a certain value set by the exchange, a margin call is made and the account holder must replenish the margin account. Most futures codes consist of five characters. The first two characters identify the type of contract, the third sign the month and the last two characters the year. Investors are generally familiar with popular forms of investment such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. However, there are other types of financial assets that offer their own unique risk and return profiles. Futures, futures and options are three types of financial contracts that provide access to a whole world of assets and risk-return trade-offs. However, futures also offer opportunities for speculation, as a trader who predicts that the price of an asset will move in a certain direction can team up to buy or sell it in the future at a price that (if the prediction is correct) yields a profit. In particular, if the speculator is able to make a profit, the underlying commodity he traded would have been saved during a period of surplus and sold in times of need, offering consumers of the commodity a more favorable distribution of the commodity over time.  The price of a futures contract is reset to zero at the end of each day when daily gains and losses (based on the prices of the underlying) are traded by traders through their margin accounts. In contrast, a futures contract begins to become less and less valuable over time until the due date, the only time one of the parties wins or loses. Contracts are traded on futures exchanges that act as a market between buyers and sellers. The buyer of a contract is called the holder of a long position and the seller as the holder of a short position.
 Since both parties risk the departure of their counterparty if the price goes against them, the contract may imply that both parties file a margin of contractual value with a mutually trusted third party. For example, in gold futures trading, the margin varies between 2% and 20%, depending on the volatility of the spot market.  Futures and futures are very similar financial contracts, but there are important differences: investors trade futures contracts on the stock market through brokerage firms like E*TRADE, which have a headquarters on the stock exchange. These brokerage firms assume responsibility for the execution of contracts. Those who buy or sell commodity futures should be careful. If a company buys contracts that hedge against price increases, but in fact the market price of the commodity is significantly lower at the time of delivery, it could be catastrophically competitive (see, for example: VeraSun Energy). The highly standardized nature of futures makes it possible to trade them on a secondary market. To close a position in a futures transaction, a buyer or seller makes a second transaction that takes the opposite position to their initial transaction. .